HAVE BEEN, HAS BEEN, HAD BEEN- WHEN TO USE THEM

know the rules and use have been and had been correctly
use of have been and had been

know the rules and use have been and had been correctly

HAVE BEEN/HAS BEEN

Use have been to express an action which began in the past and is still continuing

Example

I have been teaching English for 7 years. (Means I started teaching English 7 years back and is still teaching English to my students)

We use has been or have been and then add a verb in the ING form to make the Present Perfect Continuous.

If the subject of the sentence is third person singular then use has been and for all other persons use have been.

Subject

I/we/you/they——have been.

He/she/it/Tom——has been

 

HAD BEEN

We use had been to express an action that went on over a period of time before a past time.

Example

He was tired. He had been teaching English for 5 years. (Means he is not teaching English at present. started teaching English 5 Years back and continued the activity for some years but finished it before the present moment. It can be that he left the teaching job a year back)

We use had been and then add a verb in the ING form to form the Past Perfect Continuous

Whatever may the subject of the sentence in case of Past Perfect Continuous tense we use only Had Been.

Subject-

I/we/you/they-had been

He/she/it/they/Tom-had been

 

Difference between

Past Continuous and Past Perfect Continuous

 

Past Continuous tense

It tells about an action or event which started in the past and was continuing at the moment, something was happening again and again or to describe an action involving some change going on.

Examples

  • When I saw John, he was playing hockey. (I saw John in the middle of the game, the game was going on.)
  • Everyone was shouting in the class.
  • Peter’s English was improving.

 

Past Perfect Continuous

This TENSE is used to express and action that carried on over a period of time before a past time.

Example

  • When I saw John, he had been playing hockey. (I saw John after the game and not in the middle of the game as in the case of Past continuous)

 

Over to You

Hope this post will help you clear the confusion between the use of has been/have been and had been. Feel free to put any question or suggestion which will be gladly implemented. This post is not an exhaustive post but just an attempt to make clear your doubts which would suffice your present needs but if you want to know more visit my site.

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Sujit Das

Site Owner and Main Content Creator. Works as Teacher at Skill English.

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